The Cannabis plant has dozens of active ingredients called cannabinoids which are found in a wide range of concentrations within the flower, leaf, and stem. Researchers have identified over 70 unique cannabinoids within the Cannabis plant.
Most Common Cannabinoids Found in Cannabis:
The most abundant and widely known cannabinoid in marijuana, THC is the cannabinoid responsible for the main psychoactive effects patients are familiar with. The compound is a mild analgesic and cellular research has shown the compound has antioxidant activity.
With respect to the medical potential of the Cannabis plant, CBD holds tremendous potential to treat many types of disease and disorder, especially when the correct ratio of CBD:THC is identified for the particular condition.
A mildly psychoactive cannabinoid that comes about from the degradation of THC, there is usually very little to no CBN in a fresh plant. CBN potentiates the effects of THC. The degradation of THC, into CBN, is often described as creating a “couch lock” and sedative effect.
A nonpsychoactive cannabinoid, CBG has antibacterial effects and can alter the overall effects of Cannabis. CBG may kills or slow bacterial growth, reduces inflammation (particulartly in its acidic CBGA form,) inhibits cell growth in tumor/cancer cells, and promotes bone growth.
More common in tropical cannabis varieties. Effects include anti-inflamatory and analgesic. CBC is known to relieve pain (analgesic), reduce inflammation, inhibits cell growth in tumor/cancer cells (anti-proliferative), and promotes bone growth (bone stimulant).
Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid (THCA)
THCA is the main constituent in raw cannabis. THCA converts to Δ9-THC when burned, vaporized, or heated for a period of time at a certain temperature. THCA holds much of the anti-inflammatory properties, as well as anti-proliferative and anti-spasmodic.
Cannabidiolic Acid (CBDA)
CBDA, similar to THCA, is the main constituent in cannabis that has elevated CBD levels. THCA, CBDA, CBGA and other acidic cannabinods hold the most COX-1 and COX-2 inhibition for the anti-inflammatory properties that cannabis has to offer.